Oil Pollution Levy (OPL)
On this page:
The OPL applies to all commercial vessels over 100 gross tons and more than 24 metres in length (except those operating in fresh water), offshore oil installations, exploration wells and oil pipelines.
A new Oil Pollution Levies Order 2019 came into force on 1 July 2019 setting the latest levies (see Enabling regulation section below).
Preparedness and response services in New Zealand
New Zealand has implemented a three-tiered approach to marine oil spill preparedness and response. A Tier 1 oil spill response is managed and funded by individual operators (the spiller). Tier 2 is managed by the regional councils and unitary authorities. Each council maintains trained oil spill response teams, equipment and a regional response plan.
If the spill is beyond the local response team’s ability to manage, or regional resources are insufficient, or where the costs are likely to be significant, a Tier 3 - or national level - response may be called. A Tier 3 spill is controlled by a National On-Scene Commander who has extensive statutory powers. New Zealand can also call on international resources if needed.
A committee (the Oil Pollution Advisory Committee, or OPAC), made up of industry and government representatives, is appointed by the Minister of Transport and advises the Maritime New Zealand Authority on the New Zealand Marine Oil Spill Response Strategy; the fixing of the Oil Pollution Levy; the use of the New Zealand Oil Pollution Fund (OPF); and any other matter related to oil spills that the Minister, or Maritime New Zealand's Director, specifies from time to time.
Funding of preparedness and response services
The Maritime Transport Act requires Maritime New Zealand to establish and administer an Oil Pollution Fund (OPF). The fund is required to cover:
- the costs of the Oil Pollution Advisory Committee
- the purchase of equipment or anything else required to implement or assist in implementing a response to marine oil spills
- the reasonable costs Maritime New Zealand or a regional council incurs in investigating a suspected marine oil spill and in controlling, dispersing and cleaning up any marine oil spill
- the costs of services associated with planning and responding to marine oil spills that are services provided for under a contract
- the costs to Maritime New Zealand or a regional council of taking measures to avoid marine oil spills.
The basic premise of oil pollution preparedness and response is that the potential polluter pays. In circumstances when the polluter is not identified, the OPF is used to pay expenses from reserves set aside for that purpose.
Current OPL rates
View the current OPL rates that apply to New Zealand and Foreign vessels.